Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation

Institutional Arrangements between Religion and Politics, Hybrid Political System: The case of Islamic Republic of Iran

Abstract : Over the last recent decades, the adoption of the electoral system by many states, particularly in developing countries, has raised debates about the nature of these new political regimes. Although most of these states fail to meet the most elementary rules of democracy, namely freedom of expression, these elections have been taken into consideration by observers and scholars, given that the verdict from the ballot box is universally regarded as the very essence of a democratic regime. They then try to define these regimes using various terms like "competitive authoritarian system", "hegemonic-party system" or "hybrid regimes". Whatever the definition, the common point shared by these regimes is the organization of political elections, more or less free. This led to invent terms like electoral authoritarianism or pseudo-democratic, in order to somehow define the new feature of these regimes. Without going into details and discuss what democracy is and is not, because it might lead me astray, but I will answer your questions during the discussion-time if you wish to discuss the topic, I will only say that, in my opinion, this effort to name or to distinguish various types of political regimes among the "non-democratic" ones, seems to serve, eventually, to grant a certain legitimacy, and thus a place in the concert of nations to these "elected" leaders. Having said that, the case of Iran seems to me eloquent in this respect. Thus, for my presentation, I suggest investigating the electoral system set up since the establishment of the Islamic Republic in Iran in 1979, and then I'll present and analyze the last presidential election held in 2013 as a concrete example.
Complete list of metadatas
Contributor : Marie Ladier-Fouladi <>
Submitted on : Saturday, February 8, 2020 - 9:33:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 21, 2020 - 3:13:54 AM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Saturday, May 9, 2020 - 12:40:46 PM


Institutional Arrangements bet...
Files produced by the author(s)


  • HAL Id : hal-02471634, version 1



Marie Ladier-Fouladi. Institutional Arrangements between Religion and Politics, Hybrid Political System: The case of Islamic Republic of Iran. Master. MOBILIZATION AND PARTICIPATION IN HYBRID REGIMES COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVES, Sciences Po - Paris, France. 2015, pp.9. ⟨hal-02471634⟩



Record views


Files downloads